Overview Foot Conditions
Common Complaints
Bunions A bunion is an enlargement of the bone and soft tissue on the inside of the foot, just behind the big toe. Bunions can be both painjul and inconvenient and finding a comfortable fitting shoe is difficult.
Hammer Toes are caused by toes that curl under themselves, caused by a buckling of the joints. The buckling of the toe causes the toe to rise up and rub against the top of a shoe, causing painful corns.
Toenail Problems Ingrown and fungal nails, thickened and discolored, nails are two of the most common nail complaints. Ingrown nails are caused by aggressive trimming, trauma, or bacterial infection. Fungal nails are a condition of the nail matrix or root caused by a fungal infection
Heel Pain Pain in the bottom of the heel after standing in the morning, is usually associated with plantar fasciitis. There may be a heel spur coupled with the fasciitis. The pain is sporatic and typically returns after rest or general inactivity.
Common Complaints
Neuroma A neuroma is an enlargement and thickening of the nerve of the bottom of the foot, near the ball of the foot. It can exhibit signs of cramping of the toes, sharp pain, numbness and/or burning sensations in the foot or toes.
The foot's function is twofold: locomotion and shock-absorption for the body. The arch is capable of absorbing repetitive jolts and protecting the larger joints of the body, e.g., ankle, knee, hip, and even the back from wearing out. Rigid arch supports, orthotics, can reduce or eliminate heel pain, corns, calluses, knee, hip, and even back pain.
Calluses A callus is a thickened area of skin on the ball of the foot caused by a misalignment at the Ametatarsal parabola@, (the bones comprising the ball of the foot). They may also be assiociated with hammertoes.
Diabetes Diabetes is a chronic disease of the blood in which the blood sugar is elvated. It can contribute to foot problems in two major ways: 1) Causes decreased circulation, and 2) Causes decrease feeling to the feet, so that infections and injuries may go unnoticed and the body can not fight infection sufficiently to heal wounds.
Warts and
A wart is caused by a viral infection. If left untreated, they can spread to new areas and become more invasive. These lesions can also mimic other more serious skin diseases, e.g., carcinomas or melanomas.
Children Proper care and treatment of the feet, beginning in childhood, will prevent many of the mechanical and orthopedic problems seen in adults. In-toeing, out-toeing, hammertoes, and heel pain are a few of the ailments that can be corrected early in life to avoid future foot problems.
Ankle Pain Ankle pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including arthritis, sprains, misalignment of the foot, synovitis or injuries. They may also be assiociated with systemic diseases, e.g., cardiac problems, diabetes, and hypertension. Due to new instrumentation and advancements, ankle arthroscopy is a valuble tool in diagnosing and treating many ankle problems.

You can contact Dr. A.J. Galluzzo in Rockford, IL at Tel: (815) 633-3050

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